The Geographical Society of India, formerly Calcutta Geographical Society, was set up on the 29th July, 1933 as a purely voluntary learned body for development of the science of the earth surface as the home of mankind by thirteen founder members drawn from different institutions and from diverse disciplines. The band of these serious-thinking visionaries had the capacity to rightly foresee the shape of things to come and correctly visualize the rising importance of the upcoming new science of modern geography. Further, the founding fathers of the Society played a highly significant role in transforming the earlier drab structure of classical geography into a really vibrant and absolutely modern-cum-rational scientific discipline of the 20th century. This was how the Society as a learned body came into existence, then styled as the Calcutta Geographical Society, on the 29th July, 1933 in the Department of Geology of Presidency College, Calcutta. This Society was set up some eight years before the setting up of the regular University Department of Geography at Calcutta.
- Dr. H. C. Roy, M.A., P.R.S., Ph.D.
- Prof. D. N. Sen
- Prof. N. N. Chatterjee, M.Sc.
- Prof. S. L. Biswas, M.Sc.
(All were from different post-graduate teaching departments of C.U.)
- Prof. S.C. Majumdar, M.A., B.L.
- Prof. M. M. Chatterjee, Ph.D.
- Prof. B. N. Maitra, M.Sc., B.L.
- Prof. K. K. Sengupta
(All were from different departments of Presidency College)
- Dr. D. N. Wadia, M.A., B.Sc.
(Superintending Geologist in the Geological Survey of India)
- Principal Panchanan Sinha, M.A.
- Prof. K. C. Roy Chowdhury, M.A.
(Both from the Department of History, Asutosh College, Kolkata)
- Mr. J. K. Das, B.A., B.T.
- Mr. Binoy Bhusan Nag, B.A., B.T.
(Convener and Organising Secretary, both were teachers of Geography from Ripon Collegiate School & Rani Bhabani School respectively).
It was mainly due to the tireless endeavour of Mr. B. B. Nag, convener and the first Organising Secretary of the Society, the required groundwork was carried out in laying a strong foundation of the Society. He was instrumental in running about from institution to institution to enlist members as many as possible so that the Society could be put up on a solid base against many odds. He correctly realized the urgent need of having such a learned Society.
- Mr. B. M. Majumdar, (1933-34), M.A.,B.L., a member of the Syndicate, University of Calcutta.
- Dr. A. M. Heron (1934-37), Director, Geological Survey of India.
- Mr. D. N. Wadia (1937-39), Superintending Geologist, Geological Survey of India.
- Dr. B. C. Law (1939-47), M.A.,B.L.,Ph.D.,D.Litt., a great Ideologist.
- Dr. W.D. West (1947-48), Geological Survey of India.
- Prof. P. N. Banerjee (1948-51), Vice-Chancellor, University of Calcutta.
- Prof. S. P. Chatterjee (1951-71), Head, Department of Geography, C. U.
- Prof. K. Bagchi (1971-87), Head, Department of Geography, C. U.
- Prof. S. K. Munsi (1987-95), Former Fellow, I.C.S.S.R., Calcutta
- Prof. P. K. Sircar (1995-96), Former Prof. of Geography, State University of New York, USA.
- Mr. S. P. Dasgupta (1996-2010), Former Director, NATMO, Govt. of India.
- Dr. P. Nag (Since 2010), Director, NATMO, Govt. of India.
Mr. B. Majumdar helped to lay down the foundation of the Society on a strong base and was able to convince the University about the importance of Geography as an emerging academic discipline.
- To promote and diffuse geographical knowledge.
- To foster a spirit of adventure and research in geographical matters.
- To safe-guard the interest of the science of geography and of persons interested in geography.
- To encourage and help persons engaged in the work of geographical research and the spread of geographical knowledge.
- To secure for the subject its legitimate place in the curricula of the University.
- To publish the Society’s journal renamed as the ‘Geographical Review of India’ containing research articles on geographical matters and other allied subjects, book reviews, etc.
- To organise meetings, discussions, lectures, talks, etc.
- To organise geographical excursions, surveys, expeditions, etc. and to carry out rigorous field research.
- To organise conference, seminars, exhibitions, etc.
- To provide a library service of geographical publications for the benefit of research scholars.